There are no vaccinations required for Egypt unless visitors are coming from an infected area. However, just like in any country, there are always health risks and it is advisable to see a medical professional around eight weeks before your trip to make sure that you have the vaccinations recommended for Egypt.
This is a rough overview of the vaccinations needed for Egypt. It is not an alternative or a substitution to seeing a doctor. Visitors should also make sure they are aware of the documents needed to travel to Egypt and the Egypt tourist visa requirements before setting off.
There are a number of routine injections that everyone should have regardless of where they are going, some recommended vaccinations for Egypt (specifically), and others which may be needed depending on which part of the country you are visit and the activities you do. Check with your doctor that your routine vaccinations are up-to-date (these vary from country to country).
Hepatitis A can be spread through contaminated food or water in Egypt, regardless of where you are staying or eating in Egypt.
Typhoid can also be caught through contaminated food or water. This is especially recommended if you are staying in rural areas, smaller cities, or with friends or relatives.
There is no chance of contracting yellow fever in Egypt. The Egyptian Government require visitors from countries where yellow fever is prevalent to have vaccination, if not they will not be allowed into the country.
There are many countries with the risk of yellow fever including many in Africa, Central America, and South America. Check with your doctor.
Hepatitis B is spread sexually and through needles and blood. It is recommended for visitors who are likely to have sex with a new partner, get a tattoo or piercing, or have a medical procedure.
Rabies is found in dogs and other animals in Egypt. Visitors who are likely to come into contact with animals should have a rabies vaccine. This could be travelers who do outdoor activities, children (as they are more likely to play with animals), or people going to Egypt for longer periods (a visa for Egypt allows 30 days in the country). Your doctor will be able to advise you if you need it.
Malaria is not present in Egypt so there is no need for any type of medication.
Long sun exposure can lead to sunburn and dehydration. Avoid long periods in the sun, use high-factor sun cream, drink plenty of water.
If traveling to high altitude zones travelers should take time to properly acclimatize. Precautions should also be taken against the damaging ultraviolet and cold exposure.
Schistosomiasis is a parasitic infection transmitted in fresh water. In Egypt it is common in the Nile Delta area and the Nile Valley. The symptoms are felt 2-4 weeks later and include fever and diarrhoea.
Do not drink tap water unless it has been sterilized. Avoid ice and foods which could have been washed with tap water such as salads, fresh fruit.